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Hearing Screening for Birth through Kindergarten overview

Hearing loss and the impact on learning

Guidelines for Hearing Screening After the Newborn Period to Kindergarten Age:

An Overview of Recommended Guidelines

Each year in Minnesota approximately 250 infants and children are identified as deaf or hard of hearing. Without early identification and intervention, children with hearing loss often experience delayed development in language and learning. In 2015, nearly all Minnesota newborns received a hearing screening at birth. However, 5.8% percent of infants were considered lost to follow-up or documentation.  

Percentage of Infants and Children Identified with Late Onset, Progressive, or Acquired Hearing Loss

  2011           2012         2013         2014         2015

  6.6%         13.6%         14.8%       25.0%      21.4%

As you can see the numbers are increasing over time. This may be due to medical issues or the development of a progressive hearing loss. Therefore the MDH is asking medical providers and Audiologist to report any hearing loss identified up until age 11.

From the MN Department of Health and Early Hearing Detection Intervention  annual report 2015

Late Onset Hearing Loss

 

Mild to Moderate Hearing Loss
   
 It is important not to dismiss the impact that hearing loss has on a child’s development.
“Minimal is often connected with insignificant, however, a minimal hearing loss can have major implications in a classroom setting.” Carol Flexor.  Spoken language is such an important component of learning that even a mild hearing loss can cause a child to miss up to 25% of classroom instruction (Flexer, 1995).   Every child needs to have consistent access to clear speech and acoustic detail in order to succeed.”  Therefore, it is important to have access to consistent appropriate therapies and amplification options.   No matter what the degree of hearing loss, children need access to enriched environments, enriched conversations and enriched language both at home and at school.

Based on Minnesota Department of Health “Guidelines for Hearing Screening After the Newborn Period to Kindergarten Age”- found at: http://www.health.state.mn.us/divs/cfh/topic/hearingscreening/

And school age information found at: http://www.health.state.mn.us/divs/cfh/topic/visionscreening/content/document/pdf/QuickRefGuideHVScreening.pdf

 

Birth-Age 3

  • West Central Education District has implemented and carried out the recommendations in the B-3 program since 2014.

Age 3-5

  • Required: Hearing screening during preschool screening

  • Recommended: screen students during initial or reevaluation for Special Education services (within the past 6 months)

  • Recommended: screen special education students yearly from age 3-5

  • Recommended: Document hearing screenings in IEPs during screening years and evaluation years

  • If there are concerns about potential hearing loss, students can be screened more frequently.

School Age

  • Recommended: Screen ALL student in grades K, 1, 2, 3, 5, 8, & 11.

  • Recommended: Include special education students in screenings or account for an alternative screening in grades K, 1, 2, 3, 5, 8, and 11

  • Recommended: screen students during initial or reevaluation for Special Education services (within the past 6 months)

  • Recommended: Document hearing screenings in IEPs during screening years and evaluation years

  • If there are concerns about potential hearing loss, students can be screened more frequently.

 

Contacts: 
Ruth Schaefer Audiologist           rschaefer@wced6026.com
​Tracy Tamillo  Teacher D/HH     ttamillo@wced6026.com
Michele Thorsten    Teacher D/HH  mthorsten@wced6026.com

References: 
Quick Reference Guide: Hearing and Vision Screening  http://www.health.state.mn.us/divs/cfh/topic/visionscreening/content/document/pdf/QuickRefGuideHVScreening.pdf

Guidelines for Hearing Screening After the Newborn Period to Kindergarten Age
http://www.improveehdi.org/mn/library/files/afternewbornperiodguidelines.pdf

Identifying Minimal Hearing Loss and Managing Its Effects on LIteracy Learning
http://journals.sagepub.com/doi/abs/10.1177/0040059915626135?journalCode=tcxa

Children with Late Onset Hearing Loss:    Increasing Awareness and Understanding, By Krystyann Krywko, Ed.D.

Flexer, C. (1995). Classroom management of children with minimal hearing loss. The Hearing Journal. 48(9), 54-58.
https://www.agbell.org/Document.aspx?id=2854

 

 

West Central Education District903 State Rd.Sauk Centre, MN  56378

320-352-2284Fax: 320-352-3404

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